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Glossary

A:

allegati (supplemental attachments): in the state archives numerous supplemental attachments, for both pre-unification and post-unification periods, are found with the individual records of birth . The different rules for the gathering and keeping of records will determine how many and what types are available. For the unification period we go back to the Royal Decree 2602 (1865). Usually these are certifications presented to support the summary information in the individual document. They contain interesting facts which are not always shown in the record itself (for example, the paternity and the maternity declared by the parents in their consent to the marriage of their children. Through these records it is possible to go back to preceding generations, born in the last half or the end of the 18th century).

B

busta (Envelope): a container, usually of cardboard, distinguished by identifying elements (numbers, type of record , date, etc) utilized to conserve and identify documents.

C

classe (class): the unit of classification of the male population called into the annual draft. In the documentation produced by the enrollment offices, this corresponds to the year of birth.
circondario (administrative district): the administrative jurisdiction into which a provincial territory was subdivided (up through 1927). In the documentation produced by the enrollment officer, the administrative jurisdiction of the prefecture or under-prefecture is identified. This can also be understood as the geographical bouderies of a city or town.
Consiglio di leva (draft board): a governmental organ at the provincial level that oversaw the draft. Until 1923 this was presided over by the prefect and composed of 4 members, two of which were army officers appointed by the Minister of War. This board was charged with deliberating the enrollment of those who presented themselves for their draft call, evaluating them physically and legally. Later, the board assumed more of a military characteristic, maintaining the same functions.

D

distretti militari (military district): a territorial office dependent upon the Minister of War (later Minister of Defense) where the enrollment chives and the documents produced during each soldier’s service were kept (muster rolls, , personal files etc)

E

F

fascicolo (folder): an entire group or bundle of documents regarding a single record
fede (certificate): an attested certificate (of baptism, marriage, etc) found in the original records produced and conserved in a parish archive.
Filza (volume-like): an entire voluminous group of documents, bound together by stitching or a string , for conservation purposes
fondo (collection): a group of documents of differing types produced by a court, an office, a family, or other sources (public or private) in the course of an activity. Inside a state archive, or any type of institution with archives and records, the term identifies a group of documents around a common theme.
fonte (source): a document, act, notification, report, etc. That provides useful information for the research.

G

H

I

Indice (index): an alphabetical list

L

lista di leva (draft list): a register compiled by a municipal administration for the Draft Board. It lists the male citizens based on their class (year of birth). This list is compiled annually for those who arrive at the prescribed draft age and must fulfill their military obligation.
lista di estrazione (extraction list): a register compiled by the Draft Board after reviewing the draft lists submitted by the communities within its boundaries. It is made up of the same names as the draft list, but arranged in order of extraction and sorted by numbers drawn from an urn. For each person the extraction list provides, in addition to vital information, the results of the physical exam and the decision of the Board regarding the fitness (or lack of ) for the draft. The extraction lists also show the number of conscripts entering the service immediately or who would wait for a future call, according to the quota established by each district. The extraction lists are therefore compiled by class (year) and by district.

M

mandamento (district): the district, as repartitioned administrative units in a provincial district. They were abolished in 1927.
matricola (ID or serial number): the consecutive numbers assigned to each person at the time of the draft call.

N

O

P

Q

R

renitente (one who fails to report for military service ): a male citizen who does not present himself to the authorities after receiving his draft notice . The act of non-presentation was considered prosecutable as a criminal act, and it was noted in the draft records. The penalty was waived after 5 years from the release or acquittal because of age by DPR 14 Feb 1964, number 237. Even the annulment of the crime was noted in the records.
riformato: recruit unfit for military service
rubrica (index): alphabetical index
ruolo matricolare (muster roll): the document that gives, in summary form, for every soldier, personal information (mother, father, height, identifying characteristics, profession, level of education, city of birth) and information regarding military service (promotions, special services, war campaigns, actions of merit, decorations, dispatches) until the soldier’s release. These documents (muster rolls, etc., are in order by matricola or ID number and are found in the state archives for ordinary soldiers and non-commissioned officers.

S

serie (series): a gathering of similar documents for a single purpose or subject. The series usually constitutes an internal organization of a collection.

T

U

ufficio di leva (draft office): the office charged with organizing the recruitment operations . A draft office was found in every provincial seat. Its officers were part of the draft board. Since 1992, on the basis of L.n. 64, the draft offices and the military districts have jurisdiction over the same territory.

V

versamento (deposit): the transfer of archived material to a state archive that was produced by a local government office, for conservation, cataloging, inventory, or consultation.